General Guide Lines
There are several general guidelines which are applicable to all or any timing belts, including miniature and double-sided belts:
Drives should be made with ample reserve hp capacity. Usage of overload assistance factors is essential. Belts ought to be rated of them costing only 1/15th of their respective ultimate strength.
For MXL pitch belts, the smallest recommended pulley could have 10 teeth. For various other pitches, Table 8, ought to be used.
The pulley diameter shouldn’t be smaller than the width of the belt.
Belts with Fibrex-glass fiber tension members should not be put through sharp bends or tough handling, since this could cause breakage of the fibers.
In order to deliver the rated hp, a belt will need to have six or even more tooth in mesh with the grooves of small pulley. The number of tooth in mesh could be obtained by formula provided in SECTION 24 TIMING BELT DRIVE SELECTION PROCEDURE. The shear power of an individual tooth is a fraction of the belt break power.
Due to a slight side thrust of synchronous belts in movement, at least one pulley in the drive should be flanged. When the guts distance between your shafts is 8 or even more times the size of small pulley, or when the drive is working on vertical shafts, both pulleys ought to be flanged.
Belt surface rate should not exceed 5500 foot per minute (28 m/s) for larger pitch belts and 10000 feet each and every minute (50 m/s) for minipitch belts. For the HTD belts, a velocity of 6500 foot per minute (33 m/s) is certainly permitted, whereas for GT2 belts, the utmost permitted swiftness is 7500 foot each and every minute (38 m/s). The utmost allowable operating quickness for T series is usually 4000 feet each and every minute (20 m/s).
Belts are, in general, rated to yield a minimum of 3000 hours of useful life if all instructions are properly followed.
Belt drives are inherently efficient. It could be assumed that the performance of a synchronous belt drive is usually greater than 95%.
Belt drives are usually a way to obtain noise. The rate of recurrence of the noise level raises proportionally with the belt speed. The higher the initial belt pressure, the higher the noise level. The belt teeth entering the pulleys at high quickness become a compressor which creates noise. Some noise may be the consequence of a belt rubbing against the flange, which may be the consequence of the shafts not really getting parallel. As proven in Figure 9, the noise level is considerably reduced if the PowerGrip GT2 belt has been used.
If the drive is part of a sensitive acoustical or electronics sensing or recording device, it is recommended that the trunk surfaces of the belt be ground to assure absolutely uniform belt thickness.
For a few applications, no backlash between the driving and the driven shaft is permitted. For these instances, special profile pulleys can be produced without any clearance between your belt tooth and pulley. This might shorten the belt life, but it eliminates backlash. Body 10 displays the superiority of PowerGrip GT2 profile so far as reduced amount of backlash can be involved.
Synchronous belts tend to be driven by stepping motors. These drives are subjected to continuous and huge accelerations and decelerations. If the belt reinforcing fibers, i.e., tension member, as well as the belt materials, have high tensile power no elongation, the belt will never be instrumental in absorbing the shock loads. This will lead to sheared belt tooth. Therefore, take this into consideration when how big is the tiniest pulley and the components for the belt and stress member are selected.
The decision of the pulley material (metal vs. plastic) is certainly a matter of cost, desired precision, inertia, color, magnetic properties and, above all, personal preference based on experiences. Plastic pulleys with metal inserts or metallic hubs represent a good compromise.
The next precautions should be taken when installing all timing belt drives:
Timing belt set up ought to be a snug in shape, neither too tight nor too loose. The positive grip of the belt eliminates the need for high initial tension. As a result, a belt, when set up with a snug suit (that is, not too taut) assures longer life, much less bearing wear and quieter operation. Preloading (often the reason behind premature failure) is not necessary. When torque is unusually high, a loose belt may “leap teeth” on starting. When this happens, the tension ought to be increased gradually, until satisfactory procedure is attained. A good rule of thumb for installation tension is as demonstrated in Figure 20, and the corresponding tensioning force is shown in Table 9, both shown in SECTION 10 BELT TENSIONING. For widths apart from shown, increase push proportionally to the belt width. Instrumentation for calculating belt pressure is obtainable. Consult the merchandise portion of this catalog.
Make sure that shafts are parallel and pulleys are in alignment. On a long center travel, it really is sometimes recommended to offset the powered pulley to compensate for the tendency of the belt to perform against one flange.
On an extended center travel, it really is imperative that the belt sag isn’t large enough to permit tooth on the slack part to engage one’s teeth on the tight part.
It is necessary that the body supporting the pulleys be rigid at all times. A nonrigid frame causes variation in center length and resulting belt slackness. This, in turn, can lead to jumping of tooth – specifically under beginning load with shaft misalignment.
Although belt tension requires little attention after preliminary installation, provision should be made for some middle distance adjustment for ease in installing and removing belts. Do not push belt over flange of pulley.
Idlers, either of the within or outside type, aren’t recommended and really should not be utilized except for power takeoff or functional make use of. When an idler is necessary, it should be on the slack aspect of the belt. Inside idlers should be grooved, unless their diameters are greater than an comparative 40-groove pulley. Flat idlers should not be crowned (use advantage flanges). Idler diameters must exceed the smallest diameter get pulley. Idler arc of contact should be kept to the very least.
As well as the general recommendations enumerated previously, particular operating features of the get must be considered.